living, a type of
licensed care, has been around since the early 1970's. It refers to programs
licensed by Community Care Licensing that enable retirement facilities to
provide residents of these facilities personal care services that allow them
to remain independent in their apartments. This type of licensed care has
always been found in "Board and Care" homes (Residential Care
term "Assisted Living" became popular in the late 1980's and was
used by the retirement industry to describe programs of personal care that
are now available in most retirement residences, life care communities and
larger residential care facilities throughout California.
The need for
personal care up until the mid 1980's had been handled mostly by small board
and care homes or by nursing homes. Most retirement residences had little or
no programs for residents who needed personal care. But due to difficulties
in attracting new residents and meeting the growing care needs of residents
who were aging in place, most retirement residences instituted personal care
programs for their residents who required it.
Directory of Assisted Living Facilities
find the best assisted living facilities in your area
Assisted Living Facilities are state-licensed programs offered at residential
communities with services that include meals, laundry, housekeeping,
medication reminders, and assistance with Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)
and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs). These facilities are
for people needing such assistance but wishing to lives as independently as
possible for as long as possible. The exact definition will vary from state
to state, and a few states do not license assisted living facilities.
Assisted living is generally regarded as a step or two below skilled nursing
in level of care. It exists to bridge the gap between independent living and
nursing homes. Residents in assisted living centers are not able to
live by themselves but do not require constant care either. Many facilities
also have centers for medical care varying by facility; However, the care
offered may not be as intensive or available to residents as the care
offered at a nursing home.
90 percent of the country's assisted living services are paid for with
private funds, although some states have adopted Medicaid waiver programs. Assisted living may also be referred to as:
- Personal Care,
- Board and Care,
- Residential Care,
- Boarding Home, etc.
are many assisted living facilities which have comprehensive programs
designed specifically for the elderly who cannot live on their own. These
are not retirement residences with an adjunct care program but are
facilities specially constructed for the purpose of caring for seniors.
Sometimes these facilities are conversions of retirement residences or small
apartments into care centers. They generally are laid out apartment style
with special amenities such as walk in showers, wide doors for wheelchair
access, emergency call pull cords, etc.