is a type of long-term care facility for elderly or disabled people who are able
to get around on their own but who may need help with some activities of daily
living, or simply prefer the convenience of having their meals in a central
cafeteria and having nursing staff on call.
This group living arrangement provides help with activities of daily living
such as eating, bathing, and using the bathroom, taking medicine, and getting to
appointments as needed. Residents often live in their own room or apartment
within a building or group of buildings and have some or all of their meals
together. Social and recreational activities are usually provided. Some assisted
living facilities have health services on site. Costs for assisted living
facilities can vary widely depending on the size of the living areas, services
provided, type of help needed, and where the building is located. Residents
usually pay a monthly rent and then pay additional fees for the services that
they get. In 2001, the typical cost of living in an assisted living facility
ranged from $900 to $3,000 per month, but costs can be higher in urban areas or
in upscale facilities.
Assisted living is regulated differently in each state. In most states,
assisted living is licensed as a single entity that provides housing and
services to residents. However, in a growing number of states a new model of
assisted living has emerged, in which the housing and services are separate. In
this model, while the building is required to comply with the jurisdictions'
relevant codes and requirements for multi-unit housing, it is not licensed, but
instead makes arrangements with licensed service agencies to provide services to
residents. The new model blurs the lines between assisted living, independent
senior housing, and home care.