Treatment focuses on preventing pressure sores from getting worse and on restoring healthy skin.
Early treatment can help prevent damage from pressure sores. Once a sore progresses to a more serious stage, it becomes difficult to treat and can lead to complications.
Pressure sores occur most frequently in people who are confined to beds or chairs. In many cases, a person with a pressure sore also has one or more medical conditions that may affect treatment and healing. These conditions include diabetes, kidney disease, and heart disease.
Steps to treat pressure sores include:
- Restoring blood flow to the tissue. Relieve constant pressure by changing positions frequently and using special mattresses or other support to distribute body weight evenly.
- Washing a pressure sore daily with saline solution to keep it clean and moist.
- Keeping unaffected tissue around the sore clean and dry to prevent further damage.
- Removing dead tissue and applying medicated ointments or creams to lower the risk of infection.
Bedsores commonly occur at the spots where pressure consistently applies. These include heel, tailbone, elbow, shoulder and back of head (when patient lies on the back for a long time), ankle, knee, hip, shoulder and ear (when patient lies on the side for a long time), shoulder blader, buttocks, heel and ball of foot (when patient sits for a long time).
Information provided by National Library of Medicine (NLM).
pressure mattress / low air loss mattress for prevention / treatment
of pressure sores.