About Acute Intermittent Porphyria

Porphyria, Acute Intermittent, also known as acute intermittent porphyria, is related to photoparoxysmal response 1 and porphyria, and has symptoms including abdominal pain, constipation and diarrhea. An important gene associated with Porphyria, Acute Intermittent is HMBS (Hydroxymethylbilane Synthase), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Metabolism and superpathway of b heme biosynthesis from glycine. The drugs Caffeine and Losartan have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include liver, skin and brain, and related phenotypes are abdominal pain and abnormal enzyme/coenzyme activity

Major Symptoms of Acute Intermittent Porphyria

Acute intermittent Porphyria is a rare genetic disease. The main symptoms include:

1. Skin symptoms: The patient's skin will appear purple or dark red spots, sometimes accompanied by skin itching and burning sensation. These spots are usually exacerbated by exposure to the sun or contact with allergens.

2. Eye symptoms: Patients may experience blurred vision, flickering in front of their eyes, or loss of vision. These symptoms are often exacerbated when exposed to bright light or looking at electronic screens.

3. Nervous system symptoms: Patients may experience headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, heart palpitations, insomnia, cognitive impairment and other symptoms. These symptoms are often exacerbated by exposure to bright light or emotional stress.

4. Digestive system symptoms: Patients may experience diarrhea, constipation, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms. These symptoms are often exacerbated by exposure to bright light or when eating. It is important to note that these symptoms are not always present and may vary from individual to individual. If you have these symptoms, it is recommended to seek medical treatment promptly and receive diagnosis and treatment from a professional doctor.

Suitable Lifestyle for People with Acute Intermittent Porphyria

For patients with acute intermittent porphyria (APLP), lifestyle adaptation varies depending on individual differences, but in general, the following points should be focused on:

1. Drug treatment: Patients need to follow the doctor's treatment plan , take the medicine on time and in the right amount. During the treatment process, it is necessary to follow the doctor's advice and conduct regular reviews to ensure that the condition is effectively controlled.

2. Diet adjustment: Patients should avoid ingesting foods rich in iron, copper, magnesium and calcium, such as animal liver, coffee, tea, chocolate, milk, eggs, etc. Patients are advised to eat more fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains and protein-rich foods to maintain a balanced diet.

3. Avoid irritation: Patients should avoid exposure to strong sunlight, smoke, infection and other irritating factors, maintain good living habits, and avoid mood swings.

4. Adjustments to daily life: Patients should pay attention to maintaining adequate sleep, maintaining a good mentality, participating in appropriate amounts of exercise, and maintaining a good work and rest routine. When bathing, applying makeup and other activities, be careful to avoid using irritating chemicals.

5. Follow-up and psychological support: Patients should receive regular follow-up, pay attention to changes in condition, and follow the doctor's recommendations. During the treatment process, attention should be paid to the patient's psychological changes and necessary psychological support should be provided. In short, during the treatment process, patients need to pay attention to drug efficacy, dietary adjustment, daily life, mental health and other issues, actively cooperate with the doctor's treatment, and comply with the doctor's instructions to achieve better treatment results.

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