About Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic autoimmune disease caused by insulin resistance, which leads to high blood sugar levels. It is a leading cause of preventable blindness and death, affecting millions of people worldwide. Risk factors include age, obesity, physical inactivity, an family history, and an unhealthy diet. Symptoms may be mild or absent, making it difficult to diagnose in its early stages. Early detection and management can help prevent complications such as heart disease, kidney disease, and neuropathy. Regular screening and proper treatment can improve quality of life and reduce the risk of complications.

Major Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

The main symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes include:

1. Increased blood sugar: One of the typical symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes is increased blood sugar. Elevated blood sugar may cause headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, heart palpitations, shortness of breath and other discomforts.

2. Dietary changes: Type 2 Diabetes need to control their diet, including reducing high-calorie, high-fat and high-sugar foods and increasing the intake of vegetables, fruits and whole grain foods.

3. Weight changes: Type 2 Diabetes may cause weight loss or gain, which may affect blood sugar levels.

4. Dyslipidemia: Type 2 Diabetes may cause dyslipidemia, including elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) and triglyceride levels.

5. High blood pressure: Type 2 Diabetes can cause an increase in blood pressure, which may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.

6. Diabetic neuropathy: Type 2 Diabetes may cause neuropathy, including numbness, tingling, dryness, motor neuron disease, etc. in the hands and feet.

7. Diabetic retinopathy: Type 2 Diabetes may cause retinopathy, including macular degeneration, cataracts, etc.

8. Diabetic nephropathy: Type 2 Diabetes may cause renal insufficiency, including proteinuria, hematuria, decreased glomerular filtration rate, etc.

9. Immune dysfunction: Type 2 Diabetes may cause immune dysfunction and increase the risk of infection. If you find that you have these symptoms, it is recommended to seek medical treatment promptly and accept the doctor's diagnosis and treatment suggestions.

Suitable Lifestyle for People with Type 2 Diabetes

People with Type 2 diabetes should adopt a healthy lifestyle, including the following points:

1. Eat properly: Diet is one of the important factors in controlling diabetes. Patients should avoid foods high in calories, fat, and sugar and consume vegetables, fruits, whole grains, protein, and healthy fats in moderation.

2. Exercise: Moderate exercise can help the body better control blood sugar levels. Patients should perform appropriate exercises according to their own conditions, such as walking, jogging, cycling, etc.

3. Control weight: Weight is one of the important indicators of diabetes. Patients should work hard to control their weight and avoid being overly obese or underweight.

4. Regular blood sugar monitoring: Patients should check blood sugar levels regularly to ensure that blood sugar is controlled within a safe range.

5. Take medicine on time: Patients should take medicine on time according to the doctor's recommendations to maintain the stability of blood sugar levels.

6. Healthy living habits: Maintaining adequate sleep, reducing stress, quitting smoking and limiting alcohol and other healthy living habits can help patients better control diabetes. Patients with Type 2 diabetes should adopt a healthy lifestyle, including proper diet, exercise, weight control, regular blood sugar monitoring, taking medications on time, and maintaining healthy living habits.

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