About Arteriovenous Fistula

Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF) is a rare congenital heart defect that affects the blood flow of the lower extremities. It is characterized by a direct communication between the aorta and the venous system, leading to decreased blood flow and swelling in the lower legs. The condition is usually diagnosed in infancy or early childhood, and treatment is usually surgical. However, recent research has shown that early detection and intervention can improve outcomes for children with AVF. The discovery of a new genetic mutation associated with AVF has also raised hopes for new treatments and cures.

Major Symptoms of Arteriovenous Fistula

The main symptoms of Arteriovenous Fistula (arteriovenous fistula) include:

1. Recurrent bleeding: Patients may experience repeated bleeding of the skin, mucous membranes, or internal organs due to blood leaking from the ruptured blood vessels.

2. Pain: The patient may experience pain or discomfort as blood drains from the damaged tissue or organ.

3. Skin changes: Damaged skin may become red, swollen, moist, or ulcerated, and may be accompanied by exudate or blood.

4. Malnutrition: Due to massive bleeding, patients may experience symptoms such as malnutrition, weight loss, and muscle wasting.

5. Chronic infections: Because blood continues to drain from ruptured blood vessels, patients may be susceptible to infections, including skin and internal infections.

6. Psychological stress: Arteriovenous Fistula may cause psychological stress to patients, including fear of bleeding, infection, and disability.

Suitable Lifestyle for People with Arteriovenous Fistula

Arteriovenous Fistula (venous valve insufficiency) is a rare blood disease characterized by abnormal function of the venous valves, causing blood to flow from the arterial system into the venous system. People with this disease may face many health and lifestyle challenges, but with appropriate lifestyle changes, health can be improved. The following are some suitable lifestyle options for people with Arteriovenous Fistula:

1. Adjust diet: Maintain a balanced diet, avoid high-fat and high-cholesterol foods, and increase the intake of vegetables, fruits and whole grains.

2. Moderate exercise: Aerobic exercise can improve cardiopulmonary function, reduce disease symptoms, and reduce physical burden. However, strenuous exercise should be avoided to avoid complications such as blood clots.

3. Control weight: maintain a healthy weight, avoid obesity, and reduce the burden of body fat on blood vessels.

4. Avoid sitting for long periods of time: Sitting for long periods of time can easily aggravate venous valve insufficiency. You should stand up and move around every once in a while to increase blood circulation.

5. Keep your skin clean: Keep your skin clean and dry to avoid bleeding caused by friction.

6. Avoid infection: Maintain good immunity and resistance to prevent infection.

7. Follow the doctor's instructions: Under the guidance of the doctor, take medicine on time and follow the doctor's instructions for treatment.

8. Maintain good living habits: avoid bad habits such as smoking and drinking, maintain adequate sleep, and undergo regular physical examinations to ensure timely treatment of diseases.

Other Health Conditions

Anal FistulaArteriovenous MalformationCerebral Arteriovenous MalformationComplex Anal FistulaDural Arteriovenous FistulaHemorrhoidal FistulaInternal Carotid Cavernous Sinus FistulaIntestinal FistulaPulmonary Arteriovenous FistulaSpinal Cord Arteriovenous Malformation

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