About Persistent Truncus Arteriosus

Conotruncal Heart Malformations, also known as conotruncal anomaly face syndrome, is related to velocardiofacial syndrome and heart septal defect. An important gene associated with Conotruncal Heart Malformations is NKX2-6 (NK2 Homeobox 6), and among its related pathways/superpathways is Heart development. The drugs Atezolizumab and Pirfenidone have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include Heart, and related phenotypes are truncus arteriosus and abnormal heart valve morphology

Major Symptoms of Persistent Truncus Arteriosus

Persistent truncus arteriosus (PTA) is a congenital heart defect that affects the delivery of blood oxygen to the body's tissues. Some of the major symptoms of PTA include:

1. Persistent cyanosis: This is a sign of decreased blood flow to the body's tissues, which can cause a variety of symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, and a racing heartbeat.

2. Shortness of breath: This is a symptom caused by a lack of oxygen in body tissues due to insufficient blood supply, which may manifest as fatigue, shortness of breath, and a racing heartbeat. .

3. Fatigue and weakness: People with PTA may experience fatigue and weakness due to the constant effort of the heart to pump blood throughout the body.

4. Dyspnea: People with PTA may experience difficulty breathing, especially during activity or emotional arousal.

5. Cyanosis: This is cyanosis caused by insufficient oxygen in the blood and may appear on the lips, mouth, or skin.

6. Mental disorders: Some PTA patients may experience mental disorders, including difficulty concentrating, mood swings, and anxiety.

7. Anemia: Due to insufficient blood volume delivered by the heart, PTA patients may experience symptoms of anemia, such as dizziness, fatigue, etc.

8. Growth and development disorders: PTA patients may experience growth and development disorders, including short stature, weight gain or loss, etc.

9. Congenital heart disease: PTA is a congenital heart disease that may have long-term effects on the patient's health and life.

Suitable Lifestyle for People with Persistent Truncus Arteriosus

Persistent truncus arteriosus is a rare congenital heart disease that causes a narrowing of the aorta, causing the heart to work harder to pump blood throughout the body. People with this disease may face some health and lifestyle challenges, but by adopting appropriate lifestyle practices, they can maximize their quality of life and health. The following are some suitable lifestyles for people with Persistent truncus arteriosus:

1. Healthy diet: adopt a low-fat, low-salt, and low-sugar eating habit, avoid foods and beverages with high cholesterol and high saturated fatty acids, and increase vegetables, fruits, and Consume whole grains and protein, and avoid overeating and excessive drinking.

2. Active exercise: Aerobic exercise can improve cardiopulmonary function and blood circulation, such as running, swimming, cycling, etc. , which can help reduce the burden on the heart and improve cardiovascular health.

3. Don’t smoke: Nicotine and other chemicals in tobacco can damage heart health and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, so smoking or second-hand smoke should be avoided.

4. Control your weight: Obesity increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, so you should maintain a healthy weight and avoid overeating and excessive drinking.

5. Follow the doctor's advice: Work closely with the doctor, follow the doctor's treatment advice, take medicine on time, receive regular check-ups, and detect and deal with any health problems in a timely manner.

6. Psychological support: Persistent truncus arteriosus can cause anxiety, depression, and other psychological problems, so seeking psychological support and staying in touch with family, friends, or a support group may help improve mental health. People with Persistent truncus arteriosus should adopt a healthy lifestyle, including eating healthily, being active, not smoking, controlling their weight, following medical advice, and seeking psychological support.

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