About Microphthalmia

Microphthalmia, also known as microphthalmos, is related to microphthalmia, syndromic 3 and microphthalmia, syndromic 1. An important gene associated with Microphthalmia is VSX2 (Visual System Homeobox 2), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Mesodermal commitment pathway and Neural crest differentiation. Affiliated tissues include eye, retina and brain, and related phenotypes are Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2) and Increased shRNA abundance (Z-score > 2)

Major Symptoms of Microphthalmia

Microphthalmia is a rare eye disease. The main symptoms include:

1. Miosis: The patient's pupils will become very small, sometimes even smaller than normal pupils. This can cause patients to see blurryly and require vision adjustments.

2. Dry eyes: Due to constricted pupils, patients’ eyes may feel dry, especially when looking at electronic screens or going out.

3. Headaches: Patients may experience headaches or itchy eyes due to reduced fluid in the eyes caused by constricted pupils.

4. Decreased vision: Due to the reduction of light entering the eyeball due to pupil constriction, patients may experience symptoms such as decreased vision, blurred vision or blindness.

5. Foreign body sensation in the eyes: Due to the constriction of the pupils, the patient may feel that there is a foreign body in the eyes and needs to blink frequently or close the eyes to relieve the discomfort.

6. Photophobia: Patients may experience photophobia, tearing or headache when exposed to bright light.

7. Double vision: Due to pupil constriction, patients may see their face distorted or turned over, which is called double vision.

8. Eye pain: Patients may experience eye pain or discomfort due to increased pressure within the eye due to miosis. In summary, the main symptoms of Microphthalmia are miosis, dry eyes, headache, decreased vision, foreign body sensation, photophobia, double vision and eye pain.

Suitable Lifestyle for People with Microphthalmia

Microphthalmia is a disease of ocular dysplasia. Patients usually have problems such as small eyeballs and abnormal eyeball position. Suitable lifestyle choices for people with Microphthalmia include the following:

1. Avoid strenuous exercise: Strenuous exercise may cause excessive pressure on the eyeballs and aggravate the condition. People with Microphthalmia should avoid strenuous sports and activities.

2. Maintain good eye habits: use correct posture and lighting, avoid staring at screens or books for long periods of time, and rest your eyes regularly.

3. Adjust your diet: Ensure adequate intake of vitamins A, C, E and other nutrients, and increase your intake of carrots, fish and other foods.

4. Maintain mental balance: Avoid anxiety, tension and other negative emotions, learn to relax your body and mind, and maintain mental balance.

5. Regular check-ups: It is recommended that people with Microphthalmia go to the eye hospital for regular check-ups so that the disease can be detected and treated early.

6. Follow the doctor's treatment recommendations: Under the guidance of the doctor, carry out treatment according to the doctor's treatment recommendations, and review regularly.

7. Avoid infections: Pay attention to personal hygiene, avoid infections and other diseases, and go to the hospital for regular check-ups to ensure good health.

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