About Giant Cell Arteritis

Temporal Arteritis, also known as polymyalgia rheumatica, is related to myocarditis and arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, and has symptoms including back pain, exanthema and muscle cramp. An important gene associated with Temporal Arteritis is HLA-DRB1 (Major Histocompatibility Complex, Class II, DR Beta 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Akt Signaling and Cytokine Signaling in Immune system. The drugs Hydrocortisone and Hydrocortisone succinate have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include tongue, skin and eye, and related phenotypes are joint stiffness and fatigue

Major Symptoms of Giant Cell Arteritis

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a type of vasculitis that primarily affects large and medium-sized arteries, particularly those in the head and neck. The major symptoms of GCA include persistent facial pain and facial swelling, Raynaud's phenomenon (narrowing of the blood flow to the fingers and toes), and subcutaneous nodules. Other symptoms may include scalp itching, tingling, and a burning sensation in the eyes. In some cases, GCA may also cause vision changes and hearing loss. It is important to note that not all patients with GCA will experience the same symptoms, and a proper diagnosis can only be made by a healthcare professional.

Suitable Lifestyle for People with Giant Cell Arteritis

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an autoimmune disease that mainly affects large and medium-sized arteries and can cause vascular inflammation, thrombosis, and arterial wall damage. People with GCA need to pay attention to the following lifestyle:

1. Healthy diet: GCA patients need to avoid high-cholesterol, high-sugar, high-salt and high-fat foods, and increase the intake of vegetables, fruits, whole grains and protein.

2. Stabilize blood pressure: GCA patients are prone to elevated blood pressure and need to maintain stable blood pressure and avoid overexertion and emotional agitation.

3. Weight control: GCA patients are usually overweight or obese and need to control their weight through appropriate diet and exercise to avoid diseases such as obesity and diabetes.

4. Stop smoking and limit drinking: Patients with GCA should avoid smoking and drinking, because these habits may cause vasoconstriction and damage the arterial wall.

5. Moderate exercise: GCA patients can engage in moderate exercise, such as walking, yoga, etc. , but strenuous exercise and prolonged standing should be avoided.

6. Avoid infection: GCA patients are prone to infection and should avoid colds and other diseases and receive influenza vaccination regularly.

7. Regular work and rest: GCA patients need to maintain a regular work and rest time, ensure adequate sleep time, and avoid staying up late and overexertion.

Other Diseases

Giant Cell GlioblastomaBone Giant Cell TumorTenosynovial Giant Cell TumorTakayasu's ArteritisGiant Axonal NeuropathyT-cell LeukemiaB-cell LymphomaTransitional Cell CarcinomaAngioimmunoblastic T-cell LymphomaB-cell Prolymphocytic LeukemiaSmall Cell CarcinomaSquamous Cell CarcinomaMerkel Cell CarcinomaMast Cell LeukemiaCutaneous T-cell LymphomaMantle Cell LymphomaPure Red Cell AplasiaT-cell Prolymphocytic LeukemiaNon-Langerhans Cell HistiocytosisSertoli Cell-only Syndrome