About Diabetic Retinopathy

Microvascular Complications of Diabetes 5, also known as diabetic retinopathy, is related to microvascular complications of diabetes 1 and type 1 diabetes mellitus. An important gene associated with Microvascular Complications of Diabetes 5 is PON1 (Paraoxonase 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are ERK Signaling and Signal Transduction. The drugs Mecobalamin and Hydroxocobalamin have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include Eye, and related phenotypes are homeostasis/metabolism and cardiovascular system

Major Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy

The main symptoms of diabetic retinopathy (DR) include:

1. Blurred vision: Patients may feel that their vision is blurred or they cannot see clearly, especially in darker or distant areas.

2. Eye pain: Your eyes may feel painful, stinging, or burning.

3. Eye fatigue: Patients may experience eye fatigue, drowsiness, or headaches.

4. Blurred or distorted vision: Patients may see blurred or distorted outlines of objects.

5. Vision loss: If diabetes is not well controlled, patients may lose vision.

6. Red and swollen eyes: Eyes may appear red, swollen or inflamed.

7. Itchy eyes: Your eyes may feel itchy or stinging.

8. Insufficient tear secretion: Patients may experience insufficient tear secretion or no tears.

9. Decreased dark vision: Patients may experience decreased vision in darker environments. If you find that you have the above symptoms, it is recommended to seek medical treatment in time and accept the doctor's treatment suggestions. At the same time, maintaining good blood sugar control, having regular eye exams, and following your doctor's treatment plan are also important measures to prevent diabetic retinopathy.

Suitable Lifestyle for People with Diabetic Retinopathy

Suitable lifestyles for people with diabetic retinopathy (DR) include the following:

1. Healthy diet: control blood sugar and cholesterol levels to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. You also need to avoid high sugar, high fat, high salt, high Cholesterol foods or drinks. The diet should include fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low-fat protein, healthy fats, and enough water.

2. Quit smoking: Smoking increases the risk of DR and worsens eye diseases.

3. Control your weight: Obesity is a common cause of DR, so controlling your weight through a healthy diet and appropriate exercise can reduce the risk of DR.

4. Increase vision protection: Eye protection measures such as regular eye examinations, maintaining good vision, avoiding staring at screens for long periods of time, and regular eye massage can slow down the progression of DR.

5. Drug treatment: If recommended by the doctor, the patient may need drug treatment, such as steroids, anti-angiotensing drugs, blood sugar control drugs, etc.

6. Follow your doctor's treatment plan: If you are diagnosed with DR, follow your doctor's treatment plan, take your medications on time, and have your eyes checked regularly.

7. Maintain good living habits: Maintaining adequate sleep, reducing stress, not smoking, drinking less and other habits can help control the risk of DR.

Other Diseases

Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy Hypertensive Retinopathy Retinopathy of Prematurity Diabetic Nephropathy Diabetic Ketoacidosis Diabetic Neuropathy Diabetic Gastroparesis Diabetic Foot Diabetic Eye Disease Diabetic Encephalopathy

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