About Retinopathy of Prematurity

Exudative Vitreoretinopathy 1, also known as retinopathy of prematurity, is related to exudative vitreoretinopathy and strabismus, and has symptoms including hyperoxia An important gene associated with Exudative Vitreoretinopathy 1 is FZD4 (Frizzled Class Receptor 4), and among its related pathways/superpathways are ERK Signaling and Signal Transduction. The drugs Zinc sulfate and Zinc cation have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include eye, retina and endothelial, and related phenotypes are premature birth and small for gestational age

Major Symptoms of Retinopathy of Prematurity

The main symptoms of Retinopathy of prematurity include:

1. Vision problems: Preterm infants may have varying degrees of vision problems, including blurred vision, poor night vision, and retinal holes.

2. Dry eyes: Premature infants’ eyes have insufficient lubrication and are prone to dry eyes.

3. Eye infections: Since premature babies’ immune systems have not yet fully developed, they are susceptible to bacterial and viral infections, which can cause eye infections.

4. Protruding eyes: Premature babies may have protruding eyes, especially within a few months after birth.

5. Strabismus: Some premature babies may have strabismus.

6. Amblyopia: Some premature babies may have amblyopia.

7. Blindness: In severe cases, premature babies may lose their vision. Retinopathy of prematurity may have a long-term impact on the lives of premature infants, so premature infants should undergo regular eye examinations after birth to ensure that their vision problems are treated promptly.

Suitable Lifestyle for People with Retinopathy of Prematurity

People suffering from Retinopathy of prematurity need to pay attention to protecting their vision and avoiding eye injuries. Here are some lifestyle tips suitable for people with this disease:

1. Avoid staring at the screen for long periods of time: Staring for long periods of time Screens can easily damage your eyes, so it is recommended to avoid using them for long periods of time or avoid using electronic devices in darker or brighter environments.

2. Avoid strenuous exercise: Strenuous exercise may cause impact to the eyes, thereby aggravating the symptoms of retinopathy of prematurity. Therefore, people with the condition are advised to avoid high-intensity physical activities.

3. Pay attention to eye protection: It is recommended to use eye masks, goggles or parasols to protect your eyes to avoid eye irritation from sunlight, dust, etc.

4. Pay attention to diet: Retinopathy of prematurity is related to malnutrition, so it is recommended to eat more foods rich in vitamins A, C, E, D, E, and K, such as eggs, milk, lean meat, fish, vegetable oil, etc.

5. Regular eye examinations: People suffering from the disease are advised to go to the hospital for regular eye examinations so that any complications can be detected and treated early. People suffering from Retinopathy of prematurity need to pay attention to protecting their vision and avoiding eye injuries. They should also check their eyes regularly to ensure timely treatment.

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