About Microcephaly

Microcephaly, also known as microencephaly, is related to primary autosomal recessive microcephaly and primary microcephaly. An important gene associated with Microcephaly is ASPM (Assembly Factor For Spindle Microtubules), and among its related pathways/superpathways are "Cell Cycle, Mitotic" and Chromatin Regulation / Acetylation. Affiliated tissues include brain, cortex and fetal brain, and related phenotypes are growth/size/body region and nervous system

Major Symptoms of Microcephaly

Microcephaly is an intracranial abnormality. The main symptoms include:

1. Abnormal head circumference: The head circumference is usually between 33-36 cm, while the head circumference of patients with Microcephaly is usually smaller.

2. Reduced brain volume: The brain volume of patients with Microcephaly is usually lower than the normal range.

3. Gestational age at birth: Microcephaly is usually born under 37 weeks.

4. Mental retardation: The intelligence level of Microcephaly patients is usually below the normal range.

5. Movement disorders: Patients with Microcephaly may develop movement disorders, including the inability to control head movements and abnormal postures.

6. Retinal abnormalities: Patients with Microcephaly may have retinal abnormalities, including pigment loss or visual field defects.

7. Dyspnea: People with Microcephaly may have difficulty breathing, especially with head movement. Please note that these symptoms may not apply to all Microcephaly patients and individual cases need to be evaluated.

Suitable Lifestyle for People with Microcephaly

Microcephaly is a condition of intracranial dysplasia that often results in mental retardation, movement disorders, and visual problems. However, lifestyle still has a large impact on people with Microcephaly. Here are some lifestyle suggestions for people with Microcephaly:

1. Maintain a positive attitude: People with Microcephaly may face various challenges and difficulties, but maintaining a positive attitude can help them better cope with life's challenges.

2. Encourage outdoor activities: Outdoor activities can improve the immunity of Microcephaly patients and help maintain good health. It is recommended that patients participate in some aerobic exercise, such as walking, cycling, or jogging.

3. Avoid highly stimulating activities: Patients should avoid highly stimulating activities, such as gambling, rock climbing, etc. , as these activities may aggravate the condition.

4. Maintain good eating habits: Patients need to consume adequate nutrients to support body and brain development. Patients are advised to eat more fruits, vegetables, whole grains and protein-rich foods.

5. Learn new skills: Learning new skills can help Microcephaly patients increase their self-confidence and improve their quality of life and independence.

6. Regular physical examinations: Regular physical examinations can help patients understand their health status and detect and deal with potential problems in time.

7. Seek professional medical help: Microcephaly is a complex condition and patients may need professional medical help to manage the condition. Patients and their families should seek professional medical advice and treatment.

Other Diseases

Microcephaly, Seizures, and Developmental Delay

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